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Archive for September, 2008

Vista Temporary Internet Files Folder

September 30, 2008 3 comments

In Windows Vista, the ‘Temporary Internet Files’ folder is located at:

C:\Users\Owner\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files

Assuming that your Vista is installed on the C drive. To see it, not only do you have to check ‘show hidden files & folders’ option in the Folder Options, but also uncheck ‘Hide protected operating system files/folders’ option.  But wait a sec, where is the index.dat file ?

To access it, you will have to type in Explorers address bar the following location and click go:

C:\Users\Owner\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files\Content.IE5

Only then will you be able to see the index.dat file. Conclusion ? The Content.IE5 folder is ‘super’ hidden!

 

Now the question which naturally arises is: Why did Microsoft decide to give the status of a Protected System Files / Folder to it?

 

The ‘Temporary Internet Files’ folder (Cache) is, after all, a hotbed and a breeding ground for Virus’s, Trojan Downloaders and other malware downloaded from the internet. Apart from your ‘Windows’ folder, this is one folder where one can expect to find most such malware files. So why is such a ‘hotbed’ being given such protection, when even some Windows dll’s are not accorded such privileges!

 

Browsing the net can expose one to certain security risks. You could end up with Spyware on your PC or have a Trojan downloader surreptitiously download an unwanted program or you could even find your browser hijacked! By clicking a link, innocently, in an e-mail or even mistyping a web address, can find your browser visiting a ‘hostile’ site. 

 

To mitigate against these threats, IE 7 in Vista runs in Protected Mode. And the Cache is now considered as a virtual folder with the same low privilege as that of the Internet Explorer process itself.

Generally speaking, in Vista, processes run with integrity levels as defined by MIC (Mandatory Integrity Control) Feature. ‘Protected Mode’ Internet Explorer, runs as a ‘Low Privilege’ process. This prevents the Internet Explorer from writing to areas of the file system or the Registry that require a higher privilege!

 

What happens, is that, Vista creates a set of folders and files, for use with Protected Mode’ Internet Explorer. These folders and files share the same Low Privilege level as Internet Explorer. 

These 4 ‘low privilege’ folders, used by IE7 in Vista, in the course of daily operation, are Cache, Cookies, History & Temp. 

 

%LocalAppData%\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files\Low

%AppData%\Microsoft\Windows\Cookies\Low

%LocalAppData%\Microsoft\Windows\History\Low

%LocalAppData%\Temp\Low

Vista also creates Virtual Folders to store files that Internet Explorer tries to save in protected locations. So, instead of causing an ‘add-on’ to fail when it tries to write a data file to the Windows folder or Program Files, Vista redirects the write operation to a virtual equivalent.

 

Thus, the program continues to operate, believing that it wrote the files to the system location; little realizing that the data actually got written in a virtualized hidden folder, that mirrors the actual path and is stored under the ‘Temporary Internet Files’ folder.

 

In a similar fashion, if there is any attempt to write to the registry, it is redirected to a Low-integrity area of the registry.

Articles attracts from The WinVista Club.

MANAGING THE CACHE.

 

Open IE > Internet Options > Tools > Internet Options > General Tab > Browsing History

 

Choose the Size you want for your Cache here.

 

You can also see the Downloaded programs here, by clicking ‘View Objects’ Rather than un-hiding folder, etc from the Explorers Folder Options, you can see the contents of the Temporary Internet Files folder, simply by clicking on ‘View Files’.

If you want to move the cache to another location, click on ‘Move Folder’ to do so. You will be prompted to set a new location.

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Categories: News & Information, Technical Tags:

Switching PATA to SATA, XP won’t login

September 25, 2008 Leave a comment

I was trying to switch from IDE HDD to SATA HDD. So I use Acronis True Image to backup C drive (PATA) then I restore it in D drive (SATA).

After that I unplug the PATA & trying to boot to SATA. WinXP loads upto welcome screen with blue background then it stops. It also won’t go in in safe mode. It just stop there.

Motherboard is Intel DG31PR. My HDD connection was IDE primary & SATA 0.

After some searching, found a cloning software that can do all this without a problem. A small program called XXCLONE. Free for personal use.

Small program Big Feature !

Categories: Technical Tags: ,